Studies have also shown that the CCP-ILD focuses on developing party-to-party relations in countries that are useful for China’s economic development, including South Africa (ores, iron, copper, diamonds, and nickel), Angola (oil), Congo (oil), Mozambique (timber), Sudan (oil) and after 2011 South Sudan (where 80% of the oil is concentrated), and Zambia (copper).



Maritime Awareness Visualization Dashboard

Maritime Assertiveness Visualization Dashboard


The Maritime Assertiveness Visualization Dashboard is an interactive online tool illustrating key findings of the report “Dynamics of Assertiveness in the South China Sea: China, the Philippines, and Vietnam, 1970–2015.” The report draws on qualitative and quantitative data to identify historical trends of assertive behavior between China, the Philippines, and Vietnam and assess the implications for the disputes in the South China Sea.


Expert Spotlight

Jonathan Greenert

Admiral Jonathan W. Greenert

John M. Shalikashvili Chair in National Security Studies


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