NBR Special Report no. 90
Murky Waters in the East China Sea
Chinese Gray-Zone Operations and U.S.-Japan Alliance Cooperation
This report from the John M. Shalikashvili Chair in National Security Studies examines key obstacles for the U.S.-Japan alliance in responding to Chinese gray-zone operations. The four essays shed light on the nature of China’s gray-zone capabilities and discuss policy options for improving allied responses and mitigating the potential for a larger conflict in the East China Sea.