Economic Security in the Indo-Pacific

Export Controls, Global Supply Chains, and Energy

At the start of the 118th Congress in 2023, the National Bureau of Asian Research (NBR) held a briefing for Senate Foreign Relations Committee on budding economic security challenges for the United States and Indo-Pacific allies.

Experts explored a broad set of novel challenges to the economic security of the United States and its Indo-Pacific allies and offered recommendations for the 118th Congress to shore up collective resilience to these emerging threats. Emily Weinstein discussed the effectiveness and feasibility of coordinating multilateral U.S. export control policies aimed at China’s semiconductor industry, as well as other potential critical and emerging technology controls. Dr. Kristin Vekasi explored challenges posed by China’s position in global supply chains and risks of coercion vis-à-vis Indo-Pacific allies’ governments and companies. Dr. Vekasi offered case studies on Japanese and South Korean critical mineral supply chain development and implications for U.S. efforts to increase domestic supply while coordinating with trusted states. Mikkal Herberg offered opportunities for the U.S. to cooperate with allies on investing in energy infrastructure in Asia. Mr. Herberg also explored short-term and long-term measures the United States could take to increase energy supply and reduce coal use in Asia, given new pressures on global energy supplies following the invasion of Ukraine.



Kristin Vekasi, Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science, University of Maine and Non-Resident Fellow at The National Bureau of Asian Research

Emily Weinstein, Research Fellow, Center for Security and Emerging Technology at Georgetown University and Non-Resident Fellow, The National Bureau of Asian Research

Mikkal Herberg, Research Director, Energy Security Program, The National Bureau of Asian Research


Josh Nezam, Director of Congressional Affairs, The National Bureau of Asian Research