- NBR - The National Bureau of Asian Research

Strategic Implications of Russia-China Relations

Strategic Implications of Russia-China Relations

With converging interests in their immediate neighborhood, and shared dissatisfaction with real or perceived Western constraints on their geopolitical aspirations, the relationship between Beijing and Moscow has reassumed prominence in recent years. Today China is Russia’s top trading partner, and both Beijing and Moscow are involved in regional institutions and groupings, such as the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, and BRICS, that exist in parallel to, but are not integrated with, U.S.-led institutions. At the same time, historical complexities and power asymmetries in Sino-Russian relations have prompted questions about the depth and long-term vitality of the states’ bilateral, and even multilateral, cooperation.

Principal Investigator

Robert Sutter
Professor of Practice of International Affairs, The George Washington University

Senior and Special Advisors

Richard Ellings
President, The National Bureau of Asian Research

Aaron L. Friedberg
Professor of Politics and International Affairs, Princeton University

Admiral Jonathan Greenert (ret.)
John M. Shalikashvili Chair in National Security Studies, The National Bureau of Asian Research

Ambassador J. Stapleton Roy
Director, Asia Program, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars

James Steinberg
Professor of Social Science, International Affairs, and Law, Syracuse University

Angela Stent
Professor of Government and Foreign Service, Georgetown University

Project Lead

Brian Franchell
Project Manager, Political and Security Affairs, The National Bureau of Asian Research

About the Project

Recognizing the momentum, complexity, and global significance of these developments, in October 2016, NBR launched a bipartisan 24-month project to inform U.S. policymakers, intellectuals, and, in turn, the broader public on the strategically significant cooperation, both current and possible, between Russia and China. With generous support from the Carnegie Corporation of New York, this project convenes scholars and practitioners to assess Sino-Russian political, economic, and military relations and what they mean for U.S. decision-making and international security. The effort will culminate in a number of publications, including a multi-author edited volume, and a series of briefings for policymakers.

Project Objectives

  • Illuminate the current internal and external drivers of Sino-Russian strategic cooperation.
  • Assess these variables in light of the historical and potential future development of Sino-Russian relations, giving special attention to asymmetries in the bilateral relationship and to each country’s relations with other major powers in the international system.
  • Determine the strategic implications of Russian and Chinese behavior as they pertain to U.S. interests, the interests of key players in Asia—especially the Republic of Korea and Japan—Northeast Asian security, and the international system.
  • Generate a coherent and integrated U.S. strategy to meet the crucial challenges, and opportunities, in today’s evolving East and West.


For more information, please contact:

Brian Franchell
Project Manager, Political and Security Affairs

Russia-China Relations: Assessing Common Ground and Strategic Fault Lines

As closer cooperation between Russia and China poses a growing challenge to the U.S.-led order, this NBR Special Report assesses the trajectory of Sino-Russian relations and draws implications for the United States and the Asia-Pacific region.

Japan and the Sino-Russian Entente

This NBR Special Report examines the shifting relations between Japan, China, and Russia and assesses how the emerging dynamics between these three countries could shape major-power relations in Northeast Asia and beyond.