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Muslim Asia and U.S. Security Interests

The Islamist orientation of global terrorism demands particular attention to the political, economic, and social dynamics of Muslim societies and to the capacities of their governments to tackle challenges emerging from within, or outside of, state boundaries. Much attention has been paid both to the danger posed by the growth of radical Islam and to investigating ways to combat its spread. NBR has produced a plethora of research and analysis that explores Islamist terrorism in Asia, monitors its evolution, and assesses the implications for U.S. national security interests.

Muslim Asia and U.S. Security Interests is one of the core research areas addressed by the Muslim Asia Initiative.


For more information, please contact:

Mahin Karim
Senior Associate, Political and Security Affairs

Muslim Asia Initiative brochure
(Download PDF)

The Militant Challenge in Pakistan

C. Christine Fair examines Pakistan’s use of asymmetric warfare as an instrument of foreign policy toward India since 1947 and in Afghanistan since the 1960s in this article from Asia Policy, no. 11 (January 2011).

Students Islamic Movement of India and the Indian Mujahideen: An Assessment

Asia Policy, no. 9 (January 2010) features research for NBR’s Muslim Asia initiative in an essay by C. Christine Fair that assesses the organization, ideology, and membership of SIMI and IM.

Counterterrorism Cooperation in South Asia: History and Prospects

This NBR Special Report (December 2009) features an essay by Sumit Ganguly on the history of terrorism in South Asia, past attempts at counterterrorism cooperation, and the prospects and challenges for effective regional cooperation.

Narco-Jihad: Drug Trafficking and Security in Afghanistan and Pakistan

In this NBR Special Report (December 2009), Ehsan Ahrari, Vanda Felbab-Brown, and Louise I. Shelley with Nazia Hussain assess the global and regional dynamics of narcotics production and trafficking in Afghanistan and Pakistan and the implications for counterinsurgency efforts in the region.

Development and Counterinsurgency in Afghanistan and Pakistan

This NBR Special Report (November 2009) features Agnieska Paczynska’s essay on the prospects and challenges for integrating development strategies into counterinsurgency efforts in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Pakistani Partnerships with the United States: An Assessment

This NBR Analysis (November 2009) features Daniel Markey’s essay on the relationship between the United States and different elements within Pakistan’s political and military leadership in the context of ongoing regional counterterrorism and counterinsurgency efforts.

Post-September 11 Afghanistan-Pakistan Relations: Prospects for Counter-insurgency Cooperation

NBR Analysis 19.5 (December 2008) features essays by Abdulkader Sinno and Rasul Bakhsh Rais on post-September 11 Afghanistan-Pakistan relations in the context of the ongoing militant threats in the region, and the challenges faced by both countries in structuring a relationship based on mutual trust and cooperation.

Challenges Facing Pakistan’s Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)

NBR Analysis 19.3 (August 2008) features essays by Ijaz Khan, Pervaiz Iqbal Cheema, and Robert Wirsing assessing the security and development challenges in Pakistan’s FATA, and the implications for the United States.

Militant Recruitment in Pakistan—A New Look at the Militancy-Madrasah Connection

Drawing on findings from the first year of NBR’s South Asia Education Survey project, Asia Policy, no. 4 (July 2007) features an essay by Christine Fair that presents a new framework to exposit the connections between Pakistan’s religious schools and militancy in Pakistan.

International Jihad and Muslim Radicalism in Thailand? Toward an Alternative Interpretation

Drawing on findings from the first year of NBR’s Southeast Asia Education Survey project Asia Policy, no. 2 (July 2006) features an essay by Joseph Chinyong Liow that explores the extent to which radical Islamic ideology is responsible for recent violence in southern Thailand.